A cop’s guide to probable cause

Jason Hoschouer
Author: Jason Hoschouer

I understand not all of us are as excitable about the vehicle code as those of us in traffic enforcement, but I promise that having even a rudimentary knowledge base surrounding that rather large book can come in quite handy when you're looking for a good reason to stop and chat with a driver. I also understand that not all of us have a “Rain Man”-like rolodex embedded in our respective psyches in which we store the aforementioned vehicle codes.

The key to it isn't necessarily having a numbered section on the tip of one's tongue to flaun…
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U S  Supreme Court -  San Diego ID Law - Kolender v. Lawson (461 U.S. 352, 1983)

Civil Rights Activist – ProPer Inc.

On his own he took a civil rights case to the Supreme Court of the United States – and won.In California cops stopped citizens without probable cause or a reasonable suspicion and asked for I.D. Typically black, brown and young people. Edward Lawson as a pedestrian was stopped by cops and asked for I.D. more than 15 times in an 18 month period in San Diego County. He kept written notes about what happened and the cops that stopped him
and brought one combined legal action first in California Courts and then in U.S. Federal Court.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled in his favor. The San Diego Sheriff’s Department then appealed the ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court In Kolender v. Lawson (461 U.S. 352, 1983) the United States Supreme Court ruled that a statute (in California or in any state) authorizing a police officer to arrest a citizen merely for refusing to present identification was unconstitutionally vague.

His case has been cited in 1000s of later cases. Alas, in 2008 stop and I.D. laws in some states are back on the books.

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The post A cop’s guide to probable cause appeared first on 911 Dispatcher Training Programs.

A cop’s guide to probable cause


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